Human trafficking, a modern form of slavery, is still a very real issue even in our world today. Approximately one-third of global trafficking in women and children occurs in or from East Asia, and particularly in the Mekong sub-region (including Yunnan and Guangxi in China)
Estimating the scale of trafficking is extremely difficult and most data can often only come from police statistics and media reports. As of September 2010, the Chinese police freed 10,621 women and 5,896 children who had been abducted for human trafficking since they launched a crackdown in April 2009. This figure only represents those who have been rescued. The real number of trafficking is much higher.
10,621 abducted women and 5,896 abducted children were freed between April 09 and Sept 10.
Who is being Trafficked?
Trafficking in China occurs mainly in the context of the ever-increasing large-scale migration within the country. China’s migrant population has reached 140 million—more than 10% of the total population. The number of young female migrants is also rising rapidly.
Chinese women are recruited by false promises of employment and are later coerced into prostitution or forced labor. In poorer areas, most trafficked women are sold as wives to unmarried men. In richer areas, most trafficked women are sold to commercial sex businesses, hair salons, massage parlors and bathhouses.
Police statistics show that cases of people being trafficked to work in the entertainment industry has now risen to 50-60% of the total reported trafficking cases.
Fourteen to Twenty Year-old Girls are Most Vulnerable to Trafficking
The male-female imbalance of 120:100 in China means that by 2020, there will be 30-40 million more men between the ages of 20-45 than women, ie 30-40 million single men without partners. With this demographic pressure, there will be huge incentives for women’s trafficking both as bought-wives and as sex workers.
To tackle human trafficking, China’s National Plan of Action on Combating Trafficking in Women and Children (NPA) was approved in December 2007 and puts combating trafficking a national priority. The Chinese police are also working with 41 countries to strengthen collaboration on anti-trafficking.
Most women first fall into hands of criminals when they willingly follow them to other towns for false promises of employment. Public education and publicity campaigns are key to put an end on trafficking.
Our media campaign will target both export and import provinces of trafficked women: educating them on how to avoid traffickers and what to look out for when seeking employment, and exposing the general public to the reality of trafficking.
Human trafficking in China in 2010
October 2010: The Guangxi court convicted 6 people for involvement in the sales of a mentally handicapped woman as a “wife”. She was bought for 1700 yuan ($250).
October 2010: In the northwest province of Gansu, the court convicted a trafficking ring for deceiving and kidnapping 11 women, selling them as “wives” to local farmers for 6000 to 20,000 yuan ($900 to $3000) each.
September 2010: 11 people were convicted by the Fujian court for kidnapping 46 children from Sichuan and other provinces before selling them in the rural areas in Fujian for 30,000 yuan ($4,500) to 40,000 yuan each.
August 2010: the Guangxi police freed 22 women and children who were mostly kidnapped back in the 90s.
March 2010: Wuhan Court convicted a trafficking ring involving 23 people for trafficking 49 babies . They bought babies from the southwest province of Yunnan and selling them in the north of the country for 20,000 to 40,000 yuan ($3000 to $6000) for each baby boy and 8000 to 20,000 yuan ($1200 to $3000) for each baby girl.
January 2010: The Xinjiang police freed 25 women from forced prostitution.